Livelihood pattern of the people of an area is directly influenced by the local biodiversity. Biodiversity is essential for human survival and economic well-being, and for the ecosystem function and stability. Over exploitation and biodiversity loss affects livelihood and food security of the local. People change their livelihood strategies as an adaptive response to changes in their environment. Some livelihoods flourish while others diminish, and this ebb and flow is the result of a changing livelihood context.
The only hope of feeding India's future population of 1500 million lies in the sea food and horticulture. National Commission for Farms and Farmers under chairmanship of Prof. M. S. Swaminathan says that Indian farming has become profitless. The best way to make it profitable is through adding processing industry to agriculture, including horticulture, within natural units of watersheds.
Out of the total geographical area of India about 53% suffers from different kinds of land degradation, and Uttar Pradesh accounts for 9.06%. About 4.0 m ha (11.03%) area of the country is suffering from ravine problem. U.P. shares 1.230 m ha (31%) ravine land of the country spread over in 25 districts of the state.