In March 2011, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation as part of its mandate to provide technical assistance to states released the Operation and Maintenance Manual to help states to operate, maintain drinking water supply scheme.
Management of solid or liquid wastes in rural areas is much easier and profitable business than in urban areas due to the fact that it is mostly organic in nature and does not contain toxic compounds. In rural areas, waste can be safely reused for beneficial purposes with limited resources.
The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation administers the National Rural Drinking Water programme (NRDWP), and the Total Sanitation Campaign through which the technical as well as financial support is extended to the States for implementing rural domestic water supply and sanitation schemes.
The Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, had funded the setting up of a Centre of Excellence in the area of Decentralized Wastewater Management, in the Department of Civil Engineering at IIT Madras in the year 2009.