Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: insights from example development
In the international climate negotiations preceding Copenhagen in December 2009, nationally appropriate mitigation actions, (NAMAs) were used as the solution of many open issues and with very different interpretations of what the term actually stands for. The negotiations have so far failed to define what NAMAs actually are. Views also differ on the institutional structure needed for providing support to NAMAs as well as ways to measure, report and verify actions. Due to this vague approach, the negotiations surrounding NAMAs are still very generalised, making it difficult to work on concrete implementation issues. This paper summarizes the conclusions and knowledge gained from the development of NAMA examples (for directly supported NAMAs). While the current status of negotiations does not provide any guidance on which NAMAs can be directly supported, this openness makes it very difficult to draw concrete recommendations regarding NAMA implementation.