China human development report 2009/10: China and a sustainable future - towards a low carbon economy and society

China's National Human Development Report for 2009/10 examines some of the key issues related to China's transition to a low carbon economy. The report considers the main obstacles in the short and medium term, the needs of development and transfer of technologies, and the costs, including the opportunity costs which lead to needs for financial resources. It questions whether or not China can pursue a new economic, technological and social system of production and consumption that conserves energy and reduces greenhouse gas emissions while maintaining momentum on economic and social development. One essential element in a successful strategy for transitioning to a low carbon economy is to investigate and recognize both the potential economic, social and political benefits and costs and assess them in an integrative manner.