Seasonality, barrage (Farakka) regulated hydrology and flood scenarios of the Ganga River: a study based on MNDWI and simple Gumbel model
The hydrology of the Ganga River is mainly characterized by high monsoon rainfall and seasonal variability in discharge flow. The study is focuses on both the up and down-streams of Farakka barrage. It has been executed with the help of Modified Normalized Difference Water Index using Landsat satellite images (2014), satellite based discharge data and Gumbel’s flood frequency analysis. The study aims to analyse the impacts of seasonality, floods and the construction of Farakka barrage on hydrology of the Ganga River. The study reflects higher values in annual maximum discharge near Jangipur which is probably a resultant of the extra water release from the barrage during the strong monsoon flow.