Evaluating net-zero trajectories for the Indian fertiliser industry: marginal abatement cost curves of carbon mitigation technologies

This report evaluates emission mitigation options to achieve net-zero carbon emissions through marginal abatement cost (MAC) curves for the existing plants in the fertiliser industry. MAC curves were developed for three major fertilisers produced in India, which account for 85 per cent of total fertiliser production—urea, di-ammonium phosphate (DAP), and other complex fertilisers (OCF). Data was collected at the plant level along with some overarching assumptions like stoichiometric consumption of ammonia to produce fertiliser, 100 per cent natural gas consumption to produce urea among others, and key inputs obtained from literature and conversations with industry experts.