Ministry of Environment & Forests

Paryavaran Bhawan,

C.G.O.Complex, Lodi Road

New Delhi -110003.

 No. J-11015/58/2009-IA.II (M)       


Dated: 8th November 2011


General Manager (Mines)

Talabira-I Coal mine Project,

M/s HINDALCO Industries Ltd.,

Hirakud Complex, Qr. no.A-6/1

P.O. Sankarma Hirakud- 76801,

Sambalpur, ORISSA


Sub:     Expansion of Talabira-I Opencast Coalmine Project (1.5 MTPA to 3.0 MTPA in an ML area of 170.30 ha) of M/s HINDALCO Industries Ltd., located in village Khinda, Tehsil Rengali, District Sambalpur, Orissa - Environmental Clearance –reg.



           This has reference to letter No. Talabira/EC-01/2009 dated 27.02.2009, 06.04.2009 along application for environmental clearance and subsequent letters dated 02.06.2009, 30.06.2009 09.07.2009 and this Ministry’s grant of TOR dated 30.04.2009 and dated 11.01.2010 and your application for EC vide letter dated 27.01.2010 and letters dated 02.04.2010, 18.02.2011 and 04.06.2011 on the above-mentioned subject. The Ministry of Environment & Forests has considered the application. The proposal is for expansion in production of the existing Talabira-I Opencast Coalmine Project from 1.5 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) to 3.0 MTPA within the existing total lease area of 170.30 ha. The project has obtained EC for a production of 0.4 MTPA on 14.01.2009 and for expansion thereafter to 1.5 MTPA on 05.03.2001. The project would involve no additional land area and the increase in production would be by faster extraction of coal from the existing coal seams and by mining a lower seam, which has been identified through exploration of the block.


Of the total ML area of 170.30ha, 49.62 ha is forestland, 80.84 ha is agricultural land, 20.57 ha is waste land, 10.30 ha is grazing land, 4.22 is surface water body land and 4.76 ha is built-up area. The buffer zone has eight Reserve Forests, which are habited by other wildlife species. Forestry clearance has been obtained on 16.05.2002 for diversion of 45.46 ha of forestland. The proposed Sambalpur elephant corridor is at a distance of 3 km from Talabira-I coal mine. Elephants visit the project and study area. A Wildlife Conservation Plan which includes a Plan for development of 150 ha of grasslands for the elephants visiting the area has been prepared by the proponent for Rs 257 lakhs and has been approved by the PCCF, Govt. of Orissa dated 27.01.2009.


Of the total mining lease area, 89.445 ha is area for excavation, 6.00 ha is for topsoil dump, 30.0 ha is for ext. OB dumps, 3.50 ha is for coal stock, 3.0 ha is for infrastructure, 5.0 ha is for roads, and 25.0 ha is for green belt ,4.16 ha is for safety zone and 4.20 ha is for embankment. Mining will be opencast by mechanised method and involve use of surface miners. No blasting is involved. Grade of coal is ‘F-G’. Ultimate working depth of the mine is 90m below ground level (bgl). The southern boundary of the ML is adjoining Hirakud Reservoir and RL of the quarry is lower than that of the Reservoir. An embankment has been constructed on the southern part of coal bearing zone of mine along the ML and Hirakud reservoir. The embankment is of 1.92 Km length and 1.5m high and 10m wide at the top and 3m above the HFL of Hirakud reservoir. The embankment has been stabilised with side sloping on either side and stone pitched. The mine is located at a distance of 2.1 km away from River Bhedan and 7.5 km away from Ib River. Water table is in the range of 1-10.5m bgl during pre-monsoon and 0.1-10m bgl during post monsoon season in the core area.  Peak water requirement is 422m3/d of which 103m3/d is for domestic use and sourced from ground water and the balance 319m3/d is from mine water for mining operations. The balance mine water is discharged from the mine premises during peak monsoon into the Hirakud Reservoir. Mineral transportation to the linked plant is presently partially by road involving 40-T trucks and partially by rail from a Railway siding located at a distance of 6km from the mine and it is proposed to transport the coal by conveyors to the Railway siding and transport by rail to the linked unit. Of the OB to be generated during the balance 8 years of life of he project, 13.6Mm3 of OB would be generated during 2010-2014 would be stored in the external Ob dump and about 12.065 Mm3 of OB to be generated during 2015-2018 would be backfilled and no void would be left as a water body. A total of 29.46 Mm3 of OB has been stored in three external OB dumps in an area of 36 ha. Backfilling of OB would start from 2015-16. CSR would be implemented in 8 villages - Talabira, Nua Khinda, Purana Khinda, Lapanga, Budhiapali, Matul Camp, Behermaunda and Mundapara. Budgetary provisions at @Rs 10 per tonne of coal is earmarked for CSR activities. R&R has been completed and no R&R is involved in the expansion project. Public Hearing was held on 12.12.2010. Mining Plan has been approved by MOC on 4.2.2010 for 3.0 MTPA. Capital cost of the expansion project is Rs. 15 crores.


2. The Ministry of Environment & Forests hereby accords environmental clearance for the above-mentioned Talabira-I Opencast Coalmine Expansion Project (from 1.5 MTPA to 3.0 MTPA) within the existing ML area of 170.30 ha of M/s HINDALCO Industries Ltd., under Section 7 (ii) of the Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006 and subsequent amendments thereto and Circulars thereunder subject to the compliance of the terms and conditions mentioned below:



A.  Specific Conditions


(i)                   Production of coal shall not exceed 3 MTPA. The project proponent shall obtain prior EC for expansion in production beyond 3 MTPA.


(ii)        No coal washery shall be established without prior EC from this MOEF.


(iii)       No flyash shall be dumped into the decolaed voids without prior approval of the MOEF.


(iv)       The embankment shall be stabilised with stone pitching on the reservoir side and compacted and plantation using a mix of native species shall be developed. Additional safety and protection measures including continued operation of high capacity pumps shall be in operation to prevent mine inundation. Prior approval of Disaster Management Plan shall be obtained.


(v)        Top soil, if generated, should be properly stacked with proper slope at earmarked dump site(S) with adequate measures and shall be used for reclamation and development of green belt and for reclamation of backfilled quarry should be used for reclamation and rehabilitation of mined out areas within a year of generation.


(vi)       The entire OB generated in the expansion project shall be backfilled and reclaimed and stabilized with plantation using a mix of species found in the reserve forests in the buffer zone. Monitoring and management of the existing reclaimed dumpsite shall continue until the vegetation becomes self-sustaining and no dumping of OB on reclaimed dumps shall be permitted. Compliance status shall be submitted to the Ministry of Environment & Forests and its Regional office located at Bhubaneshwar on yearly basis.

(vii)     Catch drains and siltation ponds of appropriate size shall be constructed to arrest silt and sediment flows from soil, OB and mineral dumps. The water so collected shall be utilized for watering the mine area, roads, green belt development, etc. The drains shall be regularly desilted and maintained properly. Garland drains (size, gradient and length) and sump capacity shall be designed keeping 50% safety margin over and above the peak sudden rainfall and maximum discharge in the area adjoining the mine site. Sump capacity shall also provide adequate retention period to allow proper settling of silt material.


(viii)     Dimension of the retaining wall at the toe of the dumps and OB benches within the mine to check run-off and siltation shall be based on the rainfall data.


(ix)       Mist type water sprinkling system shall be provided to check fugitive emissions from conveyor system, haulage roads, transfer points, etc. Water sprinkling (fixed and mist type, mobile) shall be regularly carried out along the main haul roads.


(x)        No blasting shall be carried out.


(xi)       A feasibility plan for transportation of coal to the railway siding by closed overhead conveyors shall be prepared and furnished to the MOEF within 6 months.


(xii)       Area brought under afforestation shall not be less than 137.905 ha which includes reclaimed external OB dump area (45ha), backfilled area (60 ha), along ML boundary, green belt (28.905ha) and topsoil dump area (6.0 ha) by using a mix of species found in the natural forests in the buffer zone in consultation with the local DFO/Agriculture Department. The density of the trees shall be around 2500 plants per ha.


(xiii)      A Progressive Mine Closure Plan shall be implemented and OB generated during the balance life f of the mine shall be concurrently backfilled and the area reclaimed with a mix of native species and at the end of mine life the balance area 24.4 ha of decoaled void shall also be reclaimed with OB and the entire worked out area shall be backfilled upto ground level. There shall be no water body created at the post-mining stage.


(xiv)      A Conservation Plan comprising for in-situ and ex-situ conservation of Schedule-I and II fauna found within the core and buffer zone shall be implemented in consultation with the State Government for the balance life of the Project and include a Plan for habitat restoration at the post mining stage and which also includes a Plan for development of 150 ha of grasslands for the elephants visiting the area. The activities there under along with status of implementation (including expenditure) shall be regularly reported as part of the Compliance Report furnished to MOEF RO, Bhubaneshwar and also uploaded on the company website.


(xv)      Regular monitoring of groundwater level and quality shall be carried out by establishing a network of existing wells and construction of new peizometers. The monitoring for quantity shall be done four times a year in pre-monsoon (May), monsoon (August), post-monsoon (November) and winter (January) seasons and for quality in May. Monitoring of heavy metals including mercury shall be carried out and data furnished as part of the compliance report. Data thus collected shall be submitted to the Ministry of Environment & Forests and to the Central Pollution Control Board quarterly and also regularly uploaded on the company website.


(xvi)      The extent of use of water in the mining operations shall be reduced by recycling and reuse. The Company shall put up artificial groundwater recharge measures for augmentation of groundwater resource if the water table shows a declining trend. The project authorities shall meet water requirement of nearby village(s) in case the village wells go dry due to dewatering of mine. Mine water to be discharged into the Hirakud Reservoir shall be treated to prescribed standards before discharge.


(xvii)     Besides carrying out regular periodic health check up of their workers, 10% of the workers identified from workforce engaged in active mining operations shall be subjected to health check up for occupational diseases and hearing impairment, if any, through an local/regional health institution and the results reported to this Ministry and to DGMS.


(xviii)    For monitoring land use pattern and for post mining land use, a time series of landuse maps, based on satellite imagery (on a scale of 1: 5000) of the core zone and buffer zone, from the start of the project until end of mine life shall be prepared once in 3 years (for any one particular season which is consistent in the time series), and the report submitted to MOEF and its Regional office at Bhubaneshwar.


(xix)      A detailed Final Mine Closure Plan along with details of Corpus Fund submitted to the Ministry of Environment & Forests which shall be implemented from 2017-18. The time period for reclamation shall be completed within a year of completion of project. The Plan for Habitat Restoration Plan for a minimum period of five years (under the MMDR Act) shall be undertaken after completion of reclamation in consultation with and a Joint Inspection carried with the State Forest Department.


(xx)       CSR would be implemented in 8 villages - Talabira, Nua Khinda, Purana Khinda, Lapanga, Budhiapali, Matul Camp, and Beheramunda and Mundapara. Budgetary provisions at @Rs 10 per tonne of coal should be made for CSR activities. The socio-economic development of the villages shall be monitored over the life of the project using UNDP Human Development Indices and reported as part of the Report submitted to MOEF RO, Bhubaneshwar.



B.        General Conditions


(i)                  No change in mining technology and scope of working shall be made without prior approval of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.


(ii)                No change in the calendar plan including excavation, quantum of mineral coal and waste shall be made.


(iii)              Four ambient air quality monitoring stations shall be established in the core zone as well as in the buffer zone for monitoring PM10, PM2.5, SO2 and NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr , As, etc.  Location of the stations shall be decided based on the meteorological data, topographical features and environmentally and ecologically sensitive targets in consultation with the State Pollution Control Board.


(iv)              Data on ambient air quality (PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc) shall be regularly submitted to the Ministry including its Regional Office at Bhubaneswar and to the State Pollution Control Board and the Central Pollution Control Board once in six months.


(v)                Fugitive dust emissions quality (PM10, PM2.5, and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc) from all the sources shall be controlled regularly monitored and data recorded properly. Water spraying arrangement on haul roads, wagon loading, and dump trucks (loading and unloading) points shall be provided and properly maintained.


(vi)              Adequate measures shall be taken for control of noise levels below 85 dBA in the work environment. Workers engaged in blasting and drilling operations, operation of HEMM, etc shall be provided with ear plugs/muffs.


(vii)             Industrial wastewater (workshop and wastewater from the mine) shall be properly collected, treated so as to conform to the standards prescribed under GSR 422 (E) dated 19th May 1993 and 31st December 1993 or as amended from time to time before discharge. Oil and grease trap shall be installed before discharge of workshop effluents.


(viii)       Vehicular emissions shall be kept under control and regularly monitored.


(ix)       Environmental laboratory shall be established with adequate number and type of pollution monitoring and analysis equipment in consultation with the State Pollution Control Board.


(x)      Personnel working in dusty areas shall wear protective respiratory devices and they shall also be provided with adequate training and information on safety and health aspects. Occupational health surveillance programme of the workers shall be         undertaken periodically to observe any contractions due to exposure to dust and to take corrective measures, if needed. A separate environmental management cell with suitable qualified personnel shall be set up under the control of a Senior Executive, who will report directly to the Head of the company.


(xi)       The funds earmarked for environmental protection measures shall be kept in separate account and shall not be diverted for other purpose. Year-wise expenditure shall be reported to this Ministry and its Regional Office at Bhubaneswar.


(xii)       A copy of the environmental clearance letter shall be marked to concerned Panchayat/ local NGO, if any, from whom any suggestion/representation has been received while processing the proposal.


(xiii)      State Pollution Control Board shall display a copy of the clearance letter at the Regional Office, District Industry Centre and Collectors Office/Tehsil Office for 30 days.


(xiv)    The Project authorities shall advertise at least in two local newspapers widely circulated around the project, one of which shall be in the vernacular language of the locality concerned within seven days of the clearance letter informing that the project has been accorded environmental clearance and a copy of the clearance letter is available with the State Pollution control Board and may also be seen at the website of the ministry of Environment & Forests at http://envfor.nic.in. The compliance status including data on monitoring of environmental quality (air, water and noise) shall also be uploaded by the project authorities in their website and also at their main gate of the Project premises and office so as to bring the same in the public domain. 


3.     The Ministry or any other competent authority may stipulate any further condition for environmental protection.


4.         Failure to comply with any of the conditions mentioned above may result in withdrawal of this clearance and attract the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.


5.         The above conditions will be enforced inter-alia, under the provisions of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 along with their amendments and Rules. The proponent shall ensure to undertake and provide for the costs incurred for taking up remedial measures in case of soil contamination, contamination of groundwater and surface water, and occupational and other diseases due to the mining operations.







Copy to:

1.                  Secretary, Ministry of Coal, New Delhi.

2.                  Secretary, Department of Environment & Forests, Government of Orissa, Secretariat,    Bhubaneswar.

3.                  PCCF (WL), Govt. of Orissa in regard to implementation of WL Conservation Plan for which PP had paid Rs 257 lakhs which includes a Plan for development of 150 ha of grasslands for the elephants visiting the area.

4.                  Chief Conservator of Forests, Regional office (EZ), Ministry of Environment & Forests, A-Chandrashekarpur, Bhubaneswar - 751023.

5.         Chairman, Orissa State Pollution Control Board, Parivesh Bhawan, A/118, Nilkanthanagar, Unit VIII, Bhubaneswar 751012.

6.         Chairman, Central Pollution Control Board, CBD-cum-Office Complex, East Arjun    Nagar, New Delhi -110032.

7.         Member-Secretary, Central Ground Water Authority, Ministry of Water Resources, Curzon Road Barracks, A-2, W-3 Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi.

8.         District Collector, Sambalpur, Government of Orissa.

9.         Monitoring File   10.        Guard File         11.        Record File.