Use and throw
Soon after Independence, India stepped into the second half of the 20th century with a spurt in the growth of heavy industries: industries that needed a large amount of heavy metals. Mining operations began on a large scale and mine wastes, sewers and belching chimneys pumped in large amounts of metals into the river channels and atmosphere.
Heavy metals are required either as catalysts or ingredients in the manufacturing process. They could also be part of the manufactured products. Among the industries with the highest emissions is the mining industry. Thermal power plants, chemicals and leather industries also contribute heavily to the heavy metal load.
mining and metallurgy : The Indian subcontinent is replete with minerals and almost every state has its own coal or metal reserves where mining is extensive. Most of these areas are regarded as heavy metal "hot spots' where extraction, processing and use of the metals are intense (see box: Hotter than hell ).
India is the fifth largest producer of coal. But this distinction is not without its disadvantages. Mining releases chromium, cadmium, lead and mercury
- Report by the Municipal Corporation, Singrauli on the encroachment of a water body, 28/08/2021
- Joint Committee Report on piling of garbage in Hyderabad due to removal of garbage bins by GHMC, 28/05/2021
- Roundtable Report 2: Wind Repowering
- Report on the disposal of debris into river Chenab, Jammu & Kashmir, 25/09/2020
- Trade and Development Report 2020- From global pandemic to prosperity for all: avoiding another lost decade
- Order of the Supreme Court of India regarding validity of section 115 of the Mental Healthcare Act 2017, 14/09/2020