EC proposes new limit for particulate matter for light duty vehicles
European Commission has recently proposed a particulate matter (PM) number limit for light-duty diesel vehicles under the Euro 5 and Euro 6 emission standards. To ensure that emissions of utlrafine particles are controlled, the commission has set up this new regulatory approach that tracks emissions in terms of mass and numbers. The proposed PM number emission limit is 5x1011 particles per km. It will be applicable to all light-duty diesel vehicles at the Euro 5 (effective from 2009) and Euro 6 (effective from 2014) stage in Europe.
To control PM emissions, diesel vehicles will be fitted with diesel particulate filters (DPFs). At present, PM mass emission limit at Euro 5 can only be met by closed filters, which have the benefit of reducing the ultrafine particles. The proposed PM number limit will ensure that the right kind of DPF technology is used which will reduce both mass and the numbers across all size ranges.It will also check the possibility of introducing open filter, which allows a lot of ultrafine particles to pass through it.