A brief report on ecological and biodiversity importance of Niyamgiri Hill and implications of bauxite mining
Niyamgiri hills belong to the Eastern Ghats, and in-situ reserves of metallurgical grade bauxite have been reported from this area. This assumed immense commercial importance during the recent years when the demand of aluminium in the international
market jumped substantially, and aluminum-giants needed more reserves of bauxite (chief raw material for aluminum production) so as to increase their production to take advantage of boom market conditions. The main consideration of international finance capital was to maximize profit in areas, which are highly rewarding and require almost no pre-requisites for investment.