Uranium in groundwater in Punjab state, India: Status paper

Uranium content in groundwater varies markedly depending upon geological terrain, climate, proximity of uranium deposits, as well as composition of the water. In India, the average reported range of uranium in groundwater is from 0.01 to 19.6 micrograms/litre (ug/L). Uranium in groundwater drawn from handpumps and shallow tube wells (up to the depth of 45 m) was first reported by Singh (1995) in Punjab State in the year 1995.