Final report on study on role of renewable energy technologies in climate change mitigation and adaptation options in Nepal

The traditional energy system is the main contributor to greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions and, therefore, to climate change whereas renewable energy (RE) emits no or help to reduce the GHGs emission. In addition to this benefit, renewable energy technologies (RETs) provide multiple socio-economic benefits in many development deficit (rural) areas and may serve as a good reliable option for adaptation to climate change. Now, the central question is whether RETs can be a triple win-win strategy to address mitigation – adaptation – development nexus, without or little trade off of development needs of people; therefore, can it be a foundation on which a climate resilient development path can be based on? There are some studies carried out to document impacts of RETs but their contribution on adaptation to climate change has been shortchanged. This study tried to answer this central question. The study carried out meta analysis, to the extent possible, of RETs related studies, both at national and international level. By drawing some theoretical derivations and used to link with adaptation and development processes.