United States – Countervailing duty measures on certain products from China

The dispute outlined in China's panel request is one of the most extensive in the history of the World Trade Organization. China's request challenges the WTO-consistency of various aspects of 22 separate subsidy investigations, including 18 "public body" determinations; 18 determinations that the provision of inputs for less than adequate remuneration were specific; 18 determinations that subsidies conferred a benefit, as well as the investigating authority's calculation of that benefit; eight determinations that the provision of land and land-use rights for less than adequate remuneration were specific; and two determinations that export restraints provided a financial contribution. The panel request also presents 26 claims related to certain aspects of the initiation of investigations into particular subsidies.