Arsenic exposure and outcomes of antimonial treatment in Visceral Leishmaniasis patients in Bihar, India: A retrospective cohort study

In the late twentieth century, emergence of high rates of treatment failure with antimonial compounds (SSG) for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused a public health crisis in Bihar, India. We hypothesize that exposure to arsenic through drinking contaminated groundwater may be associated with SSG treatment failure due to the development of antimony-resistant parasites.

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