Lessons learned from the Fukushima nuclear accident for improving safety and security of U.S. nuclear plants

The U.S. Congress asked the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a technical study on lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident for improving safety and security of commercial nuclear power plants in the United States. This study was carried out in two phases: Phase 1, issued in 2014, focused on the causes of the Fukushima Daiichi accident and safety-related lessons learned for improving nuclear plant systems, operations, and regulations exclusive of spent fuel storage. This Phase 2 report focuses on three issues: lessons learned from the accident for nuclear plant security, lessons learned for spent fuel storage, and reevaluation of conclusions from previous Academies studies on spent fuel storage.