African social development index (ASDI): Measuring human exclusion for structural transformation (North Africa Report)

Africa’s positive economic growth over the past two decades has shown resilience in the wake of the international crisis of 2008. However, this positive performance has not yet translated its economic gains into meaningful social development. Rising incomes have often gone hand in hand with rising inequality – undermining the efforts made by many countries to reduce poverty, and fuelling social and economic instability in the region. Indeed, the structural transformation under way on the continent – largely driven by capital-intensive sectors – has not created sufficient and decent jobs to be able to lift many individuals from poverty and vulnerability.