Composition of the Earth’s core: A review

This paper provides the state-of-the-art discussion of major aspects of the composition and evolution of the Earth’s core. A comparison of experimentally-derived density of Fe with seismological data shows that the outer liquid core has a homogeneous structure and a ~10% density deficit, whereas the solid inner core has a complex heterogeneous anisotropic structure and a ~5% density deficit. Recent estimations of the core-mantle boundary (CMB) and inner core boundary temperatures are equal to 3800–4200 K and 5200–5700 K, respectively. Si and O (up to 5–7 wt.%) are considered to be the most likely light element candidates in the liquid core.

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