Trend analysis of drought events over Upper Krishna Basin in Maharashtra
Drought is a significant natural disaster which leads to food, fodder and water shortages along with destruction of vital ecological system. Drought is acknowledged as a phenomenon associated with scarcity of water due to reduction in the amount of precipitation over an extended period of time, usually a season, a year or more in length. Droughts are frequently occurring in Upper Krishna basin in Maharashtra where about 80 percent of agriculture land is rain fed. Also this region is witnessing rapid urbanization due to industrial growth where thirst for water for drinking as well as industrial use is demanding. The study of drought trends is extremely important as it is related with food security and management of scarce water resource, which becomes critical in case of drought events.