Non-state and subnational climate action in China: an overview of the current landscape, emission reduction potential and implementation

The report present a brief overview of emerging climate action by cities, regions, and companies in the two largest greenhouse gas emitters in the Global South. The Paris climate agreement adopted in 2015 recognised “non-Party stakeholders” mainly comprised of non-state actors (e.g. businesses, investors and civil society organisations) and subnational actors (e.g. cities and regions) as key contributors to achieve its long-term temperature goal. Non-state and subnational actors are considered today a core element under the “catalytic and facilitative” post-Paris regime. The reports aim to obtain enhanced understanding of nascent but rapidly growing non-state and subnational actors’ action on GHG emissions reductions in China.