Using a multi-level perspective to advance the financing of biodiversity

This paper summarizes the discourse around policy responses to the climate and biodiversity emergency, with a focus on how public and private capital has been mobilized to respond to it. The author aims to examine how such investments have been directed towards biodiversity action, and in this context is motivated by the observation that great expectation has been placed on private capital to provision the necessary actions with a now long-standing assumption that such actions cannot be funded by public means.