Technical potential & challenges of renewable hydrogen: issues in the global South

The purpose of this report is to provide the technical background of processes of renewable hydrogen production and its applications in key sectors and discusses factors which will determine the costs reductions for the commercialisation of renewable hydrogen to reach economies of scale. In addition, the report discusses the main players – the key producers and consumers worldwide – with a focus on countries of the Global South. In this context, the report describes the impacts of the Russian invasion of the Ukraine in February 2022, which exposed the strong dependence of Europe on Russian gas imports.