<p>Black carbon (BC) from fossil fuel and biomass combustion darkens the snow and makes it melt sooner. The BC footprint of research activities and tourism in Antarctica has likely increased as human presence
To strengthen the link between industry and R&D centres, a cess should be imposed on the pharmaceuticals industry whereby 2.5 per cent of its turnover is invested in research into new diseases. Also,
Dr T Jayaraman, Programme Coordinator and Professor, Centre for Science, Technology and Society, School of Habitat Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, V N Purav Marg, Deonar, Mumbai-400088.
Dr Krishna Kumar is Scientist & Program Manager at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Dr Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune-411008. Research Interest: Climate Change, Monsoons.