Rating system for water efficient fixtures: a way to sustainable water management in India

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) with this paper discusses standards for water fixtures. The paper also compares labeling and standards of water fixtures in other countries. Water use in buildings, accounts for a high percentage of overall water use in cities. With development and growth there has been an increasing demand for water in India. There has been a mismatch between supply and demand because of distribution losses, changing lifestyles etc leading to situations of conflict. Developing water fixtures that use water efficiently is key to reducing this mismatch. Divided into 7 sections beginning with the water crisis in India, the paper then shifts from the macro to the micro, moving from the topic of 'water intensive cities' to 'nature of water use in buildings'. The fourth section on efficiency improvement explains how various water fixtures like cisterns work.

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