Mitigation of what and by what? adaptation by whom and for whom?: dilemmas in delivering for the poor and the vulnerable in international climate policy

This paper underscores the importance of the concept of “climate-compatible development” or making development actions “climate neutral” by tackling both vulnerability and green growth in the same policy framework, as well as the relationships between them. It argues that, in order to securing a sustainable and equitable solution to climate change, equity issues in the context of risk-sharing, burden-sharing and benefit-sharing should figure largely in the global public-policy response. It stresses the need to strike a balance between growth and development, between avoiding catastrophic climate change and preserving human development progress, and among economic, environmental and social responses to climate change.