Key indicators of drinking water, sanitation, hygiene and housing condition in India (July 2012 - December 2012)

59.4 per cent and 8.8 per cent households in rural India and urban India, respectively, had no latrine facilities, says this 69th round NSSO survey report on drinking water, sanitation, hygiene and housing condition in India.

The National Sample Survey (NSS), set up by the Government of India in 1950 to collect socio-economic data employing scientific sampling methods, conducted nation-wide survey on ‘Drinking water, Sanitation, Hygiene, Housing condition’ and survey on ‘Particulars of slums’ in its 69th round (July 2012-December 2012) of operation. The last survey on these subjects was covered in 65th round of NSS (July 2008- June 2009). Housing is a basic requirement of human well-being. Along with the requirement of shelter, other facilities in the micro environment of housing such as type of dwelling unit, drinking water, sanitation, hygiene, etc., form vital components of overall quality of life of the population. The objective of the survey on ‘Drinking water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Housing condition’ was to collect information on the different aspects of living conditions necessary for decent and healthy living of the household members and develop suitable indicators.

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