Tracking adaptation success for community level watershed development in India

Watershed development has been promoted as a restoration strategy for rainfed areas in India since the 1970s for the objectives of reducing poverty and improving agricultural production. Watershed development (WSD) implementing and funding agencies are now realizing the importance of integrating climate change adaptation interventions and approaches into WSD to address rising climate concerns, including more frequent droughts, changes in the monsoon season, and temperature and rainfall fluctuations that can increase vulnerability of populations already susceptible to the negative impacts of climate change. This working paper presents a joint effort by the World Resources Institute and the Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR), to develop an adaptation monitoring and evaluation (M&E) or tracking system to track success of WSD projects in terms of achieving climate change adaptation objectives.

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