Glacier changes in the Bavarian Alps from 1989/90 to 2006/07
The five glaciers in Bavaria which today cover a total area of less than one square kilometer were frequently monitored by geodetic methods from the mid of the 20th century. In this paper, the record is extended by new surveys in 1999 and 2006. The glaciers show a prolonged surface lowering, which is intensified compared to the 1980s and reaches maximum rates from 1999-2006. Moreover, the ice thickness of four glaciers was determined in 2006 and 2007 by geophysical field techniques and allows the calculation of ice volumes. First simple extrapolations of observed volume losses indicate that the two Berchtesgaden glaciers and Südlicher Schneeferner could disappear by 2016, while the ice of Nördlicher Schneeferner endures until 2027. Ice thicknesses and surface changes are visualized in five annexed maps.