The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on low – and middle – income countries

In many countries the direct impact of covid-19 is much smaller than the impact of the lockdowns – this is an economic and social crisis, not just a health crisis. The impact of both virus and lockdown are on people in their households, and on their lives as part of the economy. That framing also allows us to set out some dimensions of the challenges to public policy and public finances. In the short-term, revenue is down because the economy has been hit, mainly by lockdown; at the same time the pressures to spend to strengthen health and social protection systems has sharply increased to ameliorate the impact of the pandemic and the lockdown.

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