How can socio-economic transitions be better managed? Lessons from four historical cases of industrial transition

This report uses four case studies from across the globe to draw lessons on how cities and regions can equitably manage the decline of major industrial and mining activities and minimize disruption to local economies. It finds commonalities among decarbonization transitions in Australia, the United States, the United Kingdom and South Africa, expanding the scope of success from simply closing industries to including social and economic equity in the transition process.