Assessing and planning for variability in India’s wind resource

This study examines the decline in India’s wind energy generation during the peak monsoon season of 2020, outlines the micro and macro impacts of this anomaly and identifies potential solutions for climate-proofing the sector. It undertakes case studies to assess the extent of variability observed across farms in wind-rich states, identifies the underlying reasons, and examines the associated operational and financial implications for the stakeholders. It analyses the annual average wind speeds across 40 years for three states, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. It also assesses the daily average wind speeds between June and September for two districts - Jamnagar, Gujarat and Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu. Further, it discusses the strategies to improve the wind resource predictability in India, and other interventions to ensure the sector’s preparedness to deal with emerging climate-induced risks.