Implications of a net-zero target for India’s sectoral energy transitions and climate policy

This study presents alternative peaking and net-zero scenarios for India and highlights its implications for transition in the energy-intensive sectors such as electricity, transport, building, and industry. It explores four combinations of peaking and net-zero-year scenarios for India (2030–2050, 2030–2060, 2040–2070, and 2050–2080) and analyses how a combination of possible technological developments like carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) and hydrogen production would affect the transition within each of the policy scenarios. Further, the study presents sectoral pathways based on 16 policy-technology scenario combinations for the required sectoral transitions and provides insights into India’s climate policy.