National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) 2019-21: key indicators - India and 14 States/UTs (Phase - II)
Indicating a demographic shift, the number of women surpassed men for the first time in India with the sex ratio being 1,020:1,000, according to findings of the National Family and Health Survey-5. The sex ratio at birth also improved from 919 in 2015-16 to 929 in 2019-20, indicating positive impact of measures like implementation of the PC and PNDT Act and various other interventions. According to NFHS-3, conducted in 2005-06, the sex ratio was 1000: 1000 and in 2015-16 (NHFS-4), it declined to 991:1000. The Union health ministry released NFHS-5 (2019-21) results for India and 14 phase-II states and union territories in the form of fact-sheets of key indicators on population, reproductive and child health, family welfare, nutrition and other health related areas.