Final energy estimation for a net-zero emissions India by 2070 via deep electrification pathway

In this paper, examine the impact of an economy-wide deep electrification strategy on the final energy requirement for India. Multiple scenarios accounting for varying levels of direct and indirect electrification have been considered. While the majority of the energy-consuming sectors can be transitioned to direct or indirect electrification, there is a need to account for the infrastructure requirements and incorporation of digitalisation to sustain a developed Indian economy reflected by a high Human Development Index (HDI) value (≥ 0.9). Further, the adoption of circular economy practices will lead to savings across the economy, which need to be accounted for while estimating India’s final energy requirement by 2070.