Progress on household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene 2000–2022: special focus on gender
Women and girls responsible for fetching water in 7 out of 10 households without supplies on premises, according to this first in-depth analysis of gender inequalities in drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in households.
The 2023 WHO/UNICEF JMP report on household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene has a special focus on gender, and provides the first in-depth analysis of gender inequalities in WASH services. The report presents new sex-disaggregated data on the burden of water collection, as well as perceptions of safety outside the household after dark among men and women without private sanitation facilities. Emerging indicators on menstrual health are highlighted, including national data from 53 countries. And while not sex-disaggregated, a number of WASH indicators should be considered as gender-sensitive, including accessibility of drinking water sources, use of private sanitation facilities, and access to handwashing facilities with soap and water in the home.