Climate change and its impact on biodiversity; some management options for mitigation in Arunachal Pradesh

Climate change is one of the most important global environmental challenges that affect all the natural ecosystems of the world. Due to the fragile environment, mountain ecosystems are the most vulnerable to the impact of climate change. Mountains have been recognized as important ecosystems by the Convention on Biological Diversity. Arunachal Pradesh is a predominantly mountainous state and is home to many endemic, endangered and threatened species, as well as to the indigenous people, who are dependent on its biological resources. Climate change will not only threaten the biodiversity, but also affect the socio-economic condition of the indigenous people of the state. Various activities like habitat loss, deforestation, clear felling and overexploitation amplify the impact of climate change on biodiversity. Therefore, some management initiatives should be taken for mitigating climate change. Also, more research work needs to be carried out in Arunachal Pradesh to monitor the trend of climate change and susceptibility of biodiversity.