Contribution of pack animals in reducing CO2 emission in Central Himalaya, India

The present study was undertaken in the six major valleys of Garhwal Himalaya, Uttarakhand to understand and quantify the contribution of pack animals in reducing CO2 emission in Indian Central Himalaya. The study has demonstrated that horses and mules provide direct and indirect services to the society and country. The direct services include communication services in far-flung and remote areas not connected with the road network, where they transport essential commodities and also human beings to the religious shrines of Kedarnath, Hem Kund, Gangotri and Yamunotri. The indirect services include reduction in CO2 emission.